Income Transfer Programs and Child Labor in Rio Grande do Sul


  • Cristiano Aguiar de Oliveira
  • Gabriel Costeira Machado



Although forbidden by Brazilian law, child labor reaches nearly sixty thousand children in Rio Grande do Sul. This paper studies the determinants of child labor in this state using a recursive bivariate Probit model with information from the 2010 Census conducted by the IBGE. In particular, the paper aims to assess the impacts of cash transfer programs on the incidence of child labor. The results show that child labor in the state is not associated with insufficient family income and that the income transfer programs are not able to reduce it, although they increase the likelihood of child study.


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