Military intervention in brazil: pinnacle, disruption and decline

José Cimar Rodrigues Pinto

Resumo


Brazil until the establishment of the Civil and Military Regime of March 31, 1964 coexisted with military coups, which ravaged the entire republican period and contributed to corrupt any democratic pretension of the nation. This article aims to examine the process that would have sought to withdraw the armed segment from political activity after that date, by means of an analysis of the course of political and strategic actions that led to a rupture with the previous paradigm and changes in civil and military relations and in the Brazilian democracy. In the theoretical and methodological framework, the argumentation, based on a hypothetical deductive approach, was supported by a dialectical path assumption, taking as a starting point the Moderator Model of Alfred Stepan, to which put an opposing configuration structure, so called Enframement Antimodel, which supposedly would result in a form of very close relationship with that proposed by Samuel Phillips Huntington, named Civilian Objective Control. As a result, the study concludes by confirming the hypothesis of the work and, also, that the interference of the military rulers, besides restoring the lines of obedience, had provided the possibility of a change in the direction of the Brazilian democracy, in the sense its political development would be free from armed guardianship.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31501/repats.v2i2.10542