Armed forces and internal security: reflections on civil-military relations in brazil

Jorge Calvário dos Santos, José Cimar Rodrigues Pinto, Ricardo Alfredo de Assis Fayal


This article aims to reflect about the possible implications of the use of the Armed Forces in internal security activities on civil-military relations in Brazil. From the Proclamation of the Republic, in 1989, this fraction occupied a prominent position in the national scenario, whose course, until 1964, was characterized by an interventionist function, imbued with messianic spirit and protagonism in the development of Brazilian institutions, configuring a model of intercurrence that had the characteristics of the civilian subjective control as formulated by Samuel P. Huntington in The Soldier and the State. However, on the basis of academic argumentation in recent research by which there was a process aimed at distancing the military from political participation, in its internal individual aspect and in collusion with political parties, radical organizations or social movements, it was admitted that, after 1985, there was a rupture with the previous trajectory, approaching the barracks of the civilian objective control, lineate in same work of that cited author, which, however, may be being hampered in its external institutional side, due to the significant increasing in the use of the armed segment in the so-called Law and Order Guarantee Operations, giving rise to the possibility of an return to that existing condition prior to the Civil and Military Movement of 1964, a phenomenon that will be explored through the use of the path dependence methodology. The result of the investigation points out to the creation of a condition that has an inertial charge capable of altering the course inherited by the so-called New Republic, which, by combining with other social vectors, can contribute to the return to the status quo ante.

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