International Civil Aviation Organization as a climate governance forum: an analysis of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction
In 2016, States agreed to address international civil aviation greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The article describes the route to the agreement reached by ICAO’s 39th Assembly and presents the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), in order to contextualize the scheme and point out some of its limitations. We situate the debate about the international regulation of emissions at ICAO taking into account the contribution of the aviation sector to the global environment, which requires the enlargement of the scope of analysis, in order to consider the ethical implications of the consequences of climate change to communities and to the environment. CORSIA could be considered a call to responsiveness of the aviation sector for its contribution to climate change. The results of negotiations so far indicate the agreement does not represent a sufficient and comprehensive response to the challenges posed to the global environmental system.